oxi addiction 



 breaking from

Almost 50 nations leaders attended the recent japan osaka g20 pm Abe was abou the only one who focused on wonderful future opportunities asking g20s to add in 2 frames

osaka track - how do nations share globally true data

society 5.0 -please see ongoing twitter track

society 5.0 thanks mr abe and mr son10 innovation japan value most to start 2020s



breaking sos maritime - reported nhkworld 7/16 EU now breacking internatuonal maritime law&n?;

 notes on why 3 billion asians including 2 billion women already prefer cashless money

consider 2 s0rts of ideas -


  1. zero sum currencies versus positive sum currencies
  2. costs of dealing in paper money where there is no electricity 
1a while man was racing to the moon there were huge parts of the asian continent where
women were valued at next to zero- if deve,lopment economics accepted the chalenge of
raising their value/productivity to equal men - a  positive sum currency was needed- for
example give all asian village women a share in increasing their ptoduction -if you
like a womancoin that started at being a few cents but grew like any share with their
rising productivity - thats what bangladesh and chienese women  gifted to the world-
it took a few zags the first digital cash was tested in kenya by ibrahim cell net and mpesa
vodaphone- the first vilage mobiles in the world were tested in bangladesh by
quadirs at mi9t and legatium diubia, soror. telenor of norway and bangladesh village women;
today the worlds largest ngio partnershi with tech genii bill gates jack ma and others gioards
the billion womens poorest bacnk meanwhile somewhere along the track
between first eeing bezos ecommerce in 1995 and 2008 jack ma's freinds invented alipay-
remember jacj has quite a lot of friends- he taight 1000 youth of his age ti speak english
and be tour gudies - he has always seen otyher ecosystems like tencent and baidu as win-wins;
today tencents wechat oaty may have more users than alipay (and is clearly what facebook 
thinks it can well copy with libra) while kjack partbers have more data on small enterprises
but there is someyhing else - jack ahd about 12 yeras to think about how to design ecommerce to 
maimse local commuities selling the nest of what they could make- he decided not to stock 
stuff but design the dbig data algorithms of how to make last mile services and links to worldwide
supply chians ewtp an order of magnitude more economical
now you can pay tyouyr money and take your choisce but most of aisa and most developing
countries prefer to maximise in community sevrice jobs than to deliver things the way uisa does;
actually its noit clear what usa will want as the big ox reatilers disappear - suddenly the smart 
money may be on designing neignboirhoods wghere everione thrives and happiness is growing
wherever people meet on the streets- but that is for americans to choose- this is all part of clouds
and other bug data small platforms growing with smattrphones and morphing into ai in te 2020s;
actually 5g ai is quite scary as there will be up to a million smart devices per square mile
of humans and some will be mamking their own decisions real time- those who partner the far east
on that will develop far the safest and happuest futures for all- you only need one bug in a million
for every square mile to be infected with a rogue operator- this front door risk is to those who 
have etsted all 5g technolgies down on ground the most risky thing- again asia is miles ahead of
usa on this because quite frankly usa gave up developing 5g when ;lucent and worldcom wen bust-
but no matter -turn to ai health - maybe thats wehre the epopels of america should make their choice
as the thing about ai is it makes the purspoess of all markets and true media interconnecetd-
see also age osaka track and society 5.0 at G20 


 notes for journalising 10 times more afforddable health and safety services

my family has been trying to do this for over 70 years and over 120 years


  • 70! dad after serving in world war 2 as teenager navigating planes over modernday myanmar and bangkadesh journalised at The Economist

tracking both the mistakes of launching natiuonal helath services in UK/EU and america mistakes of making health services double the cost of anywherr else - 

  • 120!meanwhile my great grandparents in India launched mumbai's first pharmacy  at kemps corner


Better care at one eigth the cost? if not this life shaping purpose what has all the tech investment been for?
Cover Below
The Economist. Saturday, 28 April 1984.
Pages 23,24. Vol 291, issue 7339.

  serious health journalkists need to know what data the government has and publishes and  does noit publishs -what varies across governmentgs and why-

they should also doublecheck data approximately- when i first

worked in the uk's office of popultuion censuses and surveyus, electronic calculaturs were new - some clerks would print out 12 digit numbers but not 

necessarily get the decimal place correct!

everything that depends on data is chnaging now because of artificial intelligence ; computer AI have stsatistical capability humans could not dream of

the worst thing a country can do  now is 1 not colect health data honestly 2 not  share it publicly 

the clallenge to worldwide health service is notsimply  national - cities and communities that share the most transparent ai health will be able to achieve 5 to 10 times betyer health the mlore AI apps

- we can eg leap forward in diseases like cancer but only thise nations who share their datana nd th ai will- if data

is not true (actionable) at local levelAIi will quickly show which natuons are failing and if the reason for that is political gaming it would be best for everywhere else to

exclude that nation - by 2030 we will have trilion tiems more machine analytic capacity than when we raced to the moon- these are not ordinary

times - wherever man chooses to scale global systems at the same overall levelas mother earth- her sustems are from the bottom up (what eisntein called integrating the deepest micro possible)

and her systems do not obey mans borders -borders become the greatest expoential risk for everyone- plagues know no borders

 COUNTDOWN PREP BEFORE CELEBRATING AI HEALTH  -see also Jpan B20 Oska track what makes global dtat hi-trust and soc 5.0

the rough plan before big data tech is:

agree what your society regards as basic life buiding services espeocially for choldren and miothers and insure those fior everyone- thats makes the average cost lowest

however know adam smith rule of transpoarent markets (not what some american atribute as free emarkets) in 1748 adma smith

defined markets that empowered emotional intelligence( he called it trust or moral sentiments) as ones where everyone could see costs and everone

could see merchants prices sold and bought - as well as diferentiate if a service involved quality (or longer term saftety) not just generic

if you lanubh a national healthy sevrice you need to relentlessly work on making the data adam smith wlould demand transprarent otherwise every diferent actor

will take advantage of teh system noit knowing costs and not knowing who the most passionate care providers are - if you siloise a market the way usa did you face the same

crisis - fail to relentlessly platofrm the data by and for everyone and the silos will extranlise risk on the commons while makin g ever moire money fior thesmekves ibstead of more health for the people 


a scond issue - dont ;put religion or p[olitics into mothers and infants health- ironically the mation that was so pleased wuith'

itslef of letto ngh imignrant bring any or npo god - now has it all wrong- onjly americ of civilised nations has politicians segmenting

theirt parties over the morals of being a mother -whats worse is when this interrupts getting the health workers who care the

most for their patients- the only way you can multiply 10 times better service


there is no poiing trump blaming the chinese for all the jobs america will lose in the next 5 uyreas if americans dont make health servioce

much cheaper and fairer wiuth ai- in fact nobody will wnat to trade with a nation who fails the ai health test

this is vecause if you have true transparen t data aki can now do staitical anayleses

humans never could -all naotiosn who do that wi;ll share in a golden age of hea;lth sevrvice

its not just that tech now has the compacuty to crinch numbers in ways humsnb copuld never do - a new invention

in the ;last 3 yeras ai has become better at reading biody langiahe of humans than himnms

it ios nit an extremly ignorant metro that tells its passengers every 5 minutes if you see something say somethiong

ai camers can do that 100 times more timely ways -one has to wonder where a transportation service

is so dumb is it bad operators or is it that the bpolitocians dont want the ;people tio

have 21st c infrastructire- the secret of great 21st c instfarstructire is it em[poiwers communities to do more and 

more of bottom -up safety and health care and loving each others children and peoples- there is no room for

top down people to tax what communiteis can do directly- the far est is wiorking this out and will happily coorperate

with any place that wants its communitie to thrive- will usa decline and fall simply because it 

doesnt know how to hiumanise tech 



if you afqre a jouyrnalist who cares -please feel free- rewrite this taking out anything taht is imoolite but  not diluting the issues you need to undetrstrand if you are not to fake converage of health saftey

i welcome sharing ways to do this- i can send you list of practioners who ger this in most parts of the wprld

unfiortuantl'ey the 2 best exmplars in dc region - jim kim has gone, and LW has just been asked by trump party to resign. 

here are 3 of most important pieces of jourmalism we have seen in first 60 years of tech trillion times moore than when man raced to the moon

begun as 50 years of diaries at The Economist - : we welcome hearing your nominations of true jouralism for sustainability generation 

 2019 to date

FOX Business’ Trish Regan talks with CGTN’s Liu Xin on trade and intellectual property informal transcript

586000 youtube views as at may 30 9am washington dc time 

TRISH Tonight, I have a special guest joining us all the way from China

To discuss challenges of trade between US and her home country

She is host of the prime time English language television program over seen by The Chinese Communist Party (CCP)

She and I might not agree on everything but I believe this is an opportunity to hear a different view on trade negotiations: how is Chinese Party thinking about trade and thinking about the united states?

In interest of transparency I should explain that I don’t speak for anyone apart from myself as host of a Fox business show- my guest however is part of the CCP and that is fine as I say: I welcome different perspectives on this show. With all that in mind I welcome Liu Xin host of  The Point with Liu Xin

Please note there are time delays in satellite we will try not to speak over each other: Xin welcome good to have you here


XIN: thank you Trish for having me : an unprecedented opportunity, I never dreamed I would have this kind of opportunity to speak to you and  to talk to people in America- But Trish I have to get it straight I am not a member of the Communist Party of China – and here today I only speak for myself as Liu Xin a journalist working for CGTN


TRISH: Ok -what’s your current assessment of where we ate with trade talks? do you believe a deal is possible?

XIN I don’t know – I don’t have insider information ; what I know is talks weren’t very successful last time in USA -and now I think both sides are considering wat to do next- but I think China government has made it very clear that unless the us gov made position clear – that unless US government treats negotiation team with respect (without using outside pressure) the possibility of a deal may take a prolonged period of time on both sides


TRISH: I would stress: I want to believe something can get done, these are certainly challenging times with lot of rhetoric out there let me turn to big issue of Intellectual Property rights I think we can agree its not right to take something that is not yours and yet in going through some of these WTO cases

 (screen scrolls ) there is evidence china has stolen hundreds of billion dollars though we should not care if its that’s amount or a few cents- how do us companies operate in china if they are at risk of having this stolen

Wind turbine case

Motorola case

massive hacking campaign

Oreo white case

Iowa seed cirn case

Tappy the robot case

Clifbaw case

Allen ho tva nuclear case

File stirage and chuna national health

Unit 61398 case

Great firewall case

Microm tech case

Recorde future cyberattack case


XIN -well Trish I think you have to ask American businesses whether they wanted to come to China? whether they find coming to China profitable or not?  As far as I understand many American companies have established in China – very profitably, and great majority of them plan to continue to invest in China and explore the Chinese market (new tariffs add uncertainty).  I do not deny there have been IP issues I think that have to be dealt with and I think  that across the Chinese gov and Chinese people and me as individual, there is a clear consensus: without protection on IP rights no country, no individual can be stronger and develop itself

I think that is a consensus across Chinese society -  but there are cases where individuals go and steal all over the world – eg there are cases between US companies suing each other all the time over IP rights- you cannot say because these cases are happening that America is stealing or that china is stealing or the Chinese people is stealing – I think this kind of blanket statement isn’t helpful


TRISH:  well I think we can all agree if you are going to do business with some it has to be based on trust and you dont want anyone stealing your valuable info which you spend decades working on but lets discuss tech companies that work with military and government where the issue is not just individual companies it’s the government itself that may be getting access to the etch (I get China is upset Huawei not being welcomed into us markets)- so let me ask: what if we said hey Huawei come on in but here’s the deal you must share all the incredible tech advantages you have bene working on -share with us. would that be ok?

XIN: if it’s through cooperation mutual learning if you pay for the use of the IP of the tech-why not? we all prosper because we learn from each other. I learnt English because I had American teachers and American friends, I still learn  how to do journalism because I have American editors and  copy editors , so I think it is fine as long as its not illegal – that’s how people get better


TRISH:  you mentioned that you should pay for the acquisition of that – I think in liberal economies IP is governed by a set of laws so we all need to play by the rules if we are to gain trust but I think you bring up some good points let me turn to China as the second largest economy, at what point will China decide to abandon its developing nation status and stop borrowing from World Bank

XIN I think this kind of discussion is going on-indeed people say if you are so big why don’t you grow up? Basically I think we want to grow up. We don’t want to be poor or underdeveloped but how do you define things?-don’t forget we have over 1.4 billion people over three times of USA – we have per capital GDP less than quarter of USA and even less than some countries in Europe – you tell me where shall we put ourselves? This is complicated  … people are looking up to us to do more around the world- we are the wprld’s largest contributor to the UN human peace-keeping mission ,we are giving  aid because we know we have to grown up, and thank you Trish for the reminder


TRISH Lets get to  tariffs -I have seen some of you comments and that China could lower some of its tariffs. In 2016 the average tariff (effectively tax ) charged on American goods in China was 9.9% that was effectively triple what America charged on China goods- so what do you think about getting rid of tariffs altogether would that work?

XIN I think that would be a wonderful idea – I  mean don’t you think for American companies’ products in China would be even cheaper and for American consumers products would be cheaper. I think that would be wonderful and we should work toward it- but you know you talked about rule based system- this is the thing if you want to change the rules it has to be done with mutual consensus not just between china and us - what about the European coming, Japan coming , even the Venezuelans coming- you cant discriminate. – I think last time world agreed on the kind of tariff reductions China should commit to was exactly the result of years of multilateral discussions – the United States led by clarifying what was seen in its interest and to what degree to lower US tarifs (nobody could have got started without that, and then China agreed to modify their tarifs)  - it is all about the decisions of countries according to their self-interest- now I agree 20 years later the question to ask isr what are we going to do?- maybe these old rules need change – lets talks about it but multilaterally

TRISH 1974 section 301 includes rule that enables usa to use tariffs if china was taking IP – I think in some way this is what it all comes down to NOW on trust- I hear you on forced tech transfer and I think  some American companies may have made a mistake in terms of being willing to give some things up in near term—but thus is an issue where the country as a whole needs to step in -we are seeing USA do that perhaps in a way that hasn’t happened before  - I mean this admin has identified the challenge but has been unwilling to tale it on- so we are living in different times- let me ask you how do you define state capitalism?

XIN: we see it as socialism with Chinese characteristics where market forces are to play deciding role In the allocation of resources. A market economy where some state owned companies play important but increasingly smaller role -look at today’s picture:  80% of employment is by private enterprises , 80% of exports by private companies, about 65% if tech by private enterprises, the internet companies are private companies – we want to be dynamic and open

TRISH– as a free trade person, I think openness is the way to pursue, it leads to greater prosperity for both us – win-win – interesting I appreciate you being here

XIN thank you so much if you want to come to china you are welcome any time,  I show you around -thank you Tris for the opportunity

TRISH closing remark:  just to say as I told Xin no one wants a trade war but we have to think long and hard about the right next step 

Liu Xin joins fellow CGTN anchor Zou Yue and other guests for a detailed review of her live television discussion with Fox ...
For the first time ever, journalists from China and the United States took part in a televised head to head on Thursday.
SupChina is an independent digital media company: @supchinanews

The China-U.S. trade frictions will enter a new chapter this coming week. The issue is to be the subject of a debate between CGTN ...


















































jouralism  started around america's 3rd century circa 1976


  • 1972's Next 40 Years ;
  • 1976's Coming Entrepreneurial Revolution; 12 week leaders debate
  • 1982's We're All Intrapreneurial Now
  • What will human race produce in 20th C Q4? - Jan 1975
  • (1984 book on net generation 3 billion job creation) ...
  • 1991 Survey looking forward to The End of Politicians
  • 1975 Asian Pacific Century 1975-2075
  • 1977 survey China

  • 1977





    2025 Report & worldrecordjobs

    60th annual update 

    caveates we dont normally include journalists in our ratings because of our view that gurudom is bad for journalists and economists

    an exception: it seemed important to include the bbc;s attenborogh and plain i the rankings as world service needs to mediate green and cultures

    new to us in 2020 rankingts- scwarzman - now he has founded 2 coleges in as vital bridges - tsinghua and MIT

    longest in our rankings- moore wiuthout whom promise of trillions times moore than raced to moon in 1960s would not have been deadlined

    fazle abed -whose girl empowerment networks out of bangaldesh can now be seen as a half billion livelihood education system


    Yama-Maso - there is so much to study around Yang Jerry, Ma Jack and Son Maso -both the linkages and the innovatuons the world would have missed if they hadnt found each other


    6 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 chapter 10 chapter 11 part 1  chapter 11 part 2 chapter 12 chapter 13 chapter 14 chapter 15 chapter 16 chapter 17 chapter 18 chapter 19 chapter 21 

     chapter 20chapter 1  chapter 2

    chapter 3 part 1       chapter 3 part 2 chapter 4  chapter 5 chapter 

    It seems to us that Mr & Mrs Gates, Soros and now Ms Bezos have the hardest choices to make but at least now they have a lot of info and can check this out withy east and west and hopefully the south jim kim and antonio gutteres

    special mention must be given to elon musk and to tyge greatest corporate leader of all who must remain nameless until Trump- era is o0ver

    you can wechat or whats app if you need mo0re info at +1 240 316 8157= if you are permitted blog you can go to if you want to acces our first 60 years of archives  -see - we have 5 twitter moments , 10000 students of yunus dvds to open source - as you may know from our biography of te faher of computing jo0n von neumann - he was not in favor of most patents on life-critical apps in #digitalcooperation age lasting more than 90 days. if you se4riously want 2030s youth to be orbiting trust round all sdgs by 2030 then he is mathematically right- if you wnat 5% of people always to boss the rest of 95% of people, clearly an exactly opposite maths and ;egislatire is needed


    we invite young journalists for humanity to co-blog with us

    at rsvp 

    why wouldnt congress use the law on its books to close do america's worst media - hint facebook later this week? probbaly same reason that uk houses of parliament failed to close down news of worlds owners in spite of their obscene personal hacking and attack on auntie

    meanwhile i would recommend invetors short nike for partly wroing reasons- at the end of the day if you mess with a national anthem what do you have left to unite a nation - however relevant the cause- it could go either way but ultimately i expect the nhl is too greedy to back nike and this will devalue both networks


    more at The Economist's Year of Thhe Brand 1988 

    Dictionary World Record Jobs Creators

    60 years ago dad returned with pocket calculator from japan: started first of 100 AI dialogues-what if every human being had one of these? AI Entrepreneur dialogues flowed: The Economist & ski slopes Davos with Prodi in Venice
    Edit Like Tweet 

    2 frames help verify world record jobs creators of the moore decades 1970s-2030s First moore inspired classification: 5G 2020s reaches trillions times moore tech than when man raced to moon 4G 2010s 3G 2000s 2G 1990s 1G 1980s 0G 1970s Second we explore decade long breakthroughs

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like
    (dad) started one of UK's first AI debates 1962- bringing from japan one of first calculators - asking all The Economist & at home what world be if every human had one; within years intel created moore's law & first programmable chip,man raced to moon

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    bravo @thepointwithlx us cable news never be same again after wednesday nights simultaneous satellite show from beijing & fox headquarters -for english speakers who missed dialogue see informal transcript for us-chinese friendships

    0 replies1 retweet0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    ⚡️ “Dictionary World Record Jobs Creators” Order of Rising Sun (Japan Emperor): Norman: Economist helped us make world trade joyful- Next decade AI reach trillion times moore than moon race, will trump crash

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    dna brac = paulo freire pedagogy of opprssed - not just everyone in brac is livelihood educator, each expected to learn from the poorest- my family did not know brac existed whnr 40+ years ago published 1984/5 demanded change edu so everyone teacher, student p2p language flpw

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    Open source AI debates travelled up davos ski slopes 960s, back at olympics 64 prince charles loved sony tv installed in brit embassy, asked morita to inward invest in Wales, so for 60 years east bay from japan to singapore 7 then china craeted win-win trades around open tech

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    big Qs 80s now (personal computer networks) coding proven by gates core future & tim berner lee world webs, will schools 1990s culturally free kids p2p of 4 languages mother's,code english & char language (china) or japan): japan bay engineering extra focus, maso san tracked both

    0 replies0 retweets0 likes
    • Retweet
    • Like

    JfH began in 1962 at The Economist or earlier. In those days you had to be 39 years of age for a journalist to sign one annual contribution - a survey of where some peoples were ending poverty and maximising youth livelihhods - the original purpose of The Economist in 1843. Macrae had been tutored by Keynes: Corpus Christi Cambridge 1945) on mediating systems of end poverty economics after first surviving war spending his last days as teenager navigating airplanes over modernday myanmar and bangladesh

    Norman Macrae went on to to produce 2 survey series - win-win economic models to unite round:

     japan from 1962 which on retiremnt was awarded The Emperors Order of Rising Sun with Gold bars, 1972 the Entrepreneurial Revolution of worldwide youth to be conected by digital networks 1972, asia pacifc 1976 china 1977, Bangladesh 2008 as well as celebarrate usigned heroic developmenst

    like singapore and hong kong


    and surveys of places where the world needed to look for an opportunity to free the people- russia 1963, south africa 1968, EU form 1957 (Noramn had been the only jouranlsit 1955 Messina- he supported peace and free markjet concepts but not what mordphed in the elast accounatble top down bureaucracy) 

    where are jouranlists for humanity today? starting 2008 two years before his death, we've been helping

    youth create journalist and educational exchanges around the greatest girl empowerment and technolgy leapfrog stories we can find- we'll

    bepublishing world recird joib creators in multimple languages

    rsvp with views of where to see the greatest jourmnalism live 


    - we love CGTN whose rebirth started jan 2017 and which has just started inviting 5 channels to co-dialogue on what 40% of people want to do to race to nsustainability beyong the old carbon monoply of western media have a look at te blog or if blogs are not alowed try 







    heres's a sample from the first day that 5 channels every broadcast from cgtn headquarters in beijing - with particular thanks to Brics Talk facilaitor Liu Xin

    of course all reporting eerors below are our own

    you may have heard the world biggest broadcaster today invited 5 nations broadcasters to debate what they thought youth and families wanted mediated to be sustainable

    while the transcripts still to come are long- below are a top 7 issues 

    regarding issue 3 - this connects with agendas of both stefnaos and al in baltimore- eseentially food and arts are microfrabnchises you vcan design in one place then multiply anywhere communities want to come together
    -stefanos please could you see if your celebrity chedf who did undrcover boss knows of 
    Gastromotiva its the centre of community food big bang as china aree concrned but if he has his own netwirks how do we fan those

    i have made some progress with the head of the world bank reponsible for franciscan regions of latin america once i get to beijing i think i know who i need to leak what good news to first- thre popes trip to bangladesh in 8 weeks is very good news for girls empowerment journalim which we have connected since 2007- daniel is there anyone left at columbia uni where you learnt jiyurnalism who would be interested in this biggest change journalism and education story ever told 

    7 smartest questions media ever posed

    1 why is tomorrows world still media monopolised by a g7 who gained most from past era of guzzling carbon? which of these 7 countries  US Germany UK Spain Italy France Japan has tried hardest to jump away from big carbon macroecomics

    2 how did euro union become another fixture of destroying youth livelihoods in what is now G7+EU?

    3 what is youth - especially poorest girls -ask most for as being more affrodable to learn- which practice experts actually want to help youth rejuvenate communities - eg chefs movement goal 100 million nutritious livelihoods with local produce ..connectors of green big bang clubs first 2000 societies to thrive round carbon zero

    4  IF 5 countries could meet annually to debate how to rejuvenate 21st and go beyond carbon, whcih would worldwide youth choose first to interact with?

    5 what extraordinary metacollaboration projects could these 5 countries host and invite other countries who want to go green or celebarte youth livelihoods to benchmark

    6 all global leadership summits segment in 2 opposite ways - global 1.0 talk shops for command and control, global 2.0 empowerment p;rocesses that create action networking solutions for youth to linkin- which is which - and which nations are freeing their youth to culturally exchange with the sustainble generation summits

    7 why does the un host an education summit with 30 leader declaring half of all youth will be unemployable by 2030 unless we chnage education which within a year has turned into how we get more finance for old education

    for more visit news and economics explain futures - help sustainable youth find good ones in a weeks time or if you want to co-edit this blog say so now -if you are not alowed to see blog try or tell us to send you raw transcripts

    chris macrae  est 1962


    1. The Point with LIU Xin: Poverty reduction and human rights in China

      • 7 months ago
      China issued a white paper on poverty reduction and human rights improvements last October. The white paper says that poverty ...
    2. A special "long table" edition of The Point: Follow the money 2017

      • 5 months ago
      Premier Li Keqiang has said in his annual government work report that China faces “far more complicated and grave situations” ...
    3. The Point with LIU Xin: Xin speaks to Director-General of the United Nation's Office in Geneva

      • 7 months ago
      Chinese President Xi Jinping will pay a state visit to Switzerland from January 15-18. One of the most important items on his ...



     question from Norman Macrae Archives do you now a pro-youh journalist connecting places with a sustainable future

    eg philippines Pabsy connecting philippines. DC , youthworldbanking through such value multiplying mindsets as as POP (Preferential Option POOR) and GII

     PABSYLIVE PABSY ON GII of IM IM Farmer on wy he shares POP with PIH, Jim Kim and disciples of Pope Francis Im Im Quest to POpe Francis - count on me transcripts of 2030now millenniqls for sustainability



    Take a goodwill journalism tour (or help sustainability millennials sign in who to bank on) as way above zero-sum Journalists for Humanity - rsvp


    1 Our gold standard is Usahidi and Kenya's IHUB - hip hip hoorah 

    Ushahidi’s Mission

    Ushahidi which means “testimony” in Swahili, was a website that was initially developed to map reports of violence in Kenya after the post-election fallout at the beginning of 2008. Since then, the name “Ushahidi” has come to represent the people behind the “Ushahidi Platform”.

    Our roots are in the collaboration of Kenyan citizen journalists during a time of crisis. The original website was used to map incidents of violence and peace efforts throughout the country based on reports submitted via the web and mobile phones. This website had 45,000 users in Kenya, and was the catalyst for us realizing there was a need for a platform based on it, which could be used by others around the world.

    Fast forward six years and Ushahidi has grown into a global non-profit technology company with origins in Kenya. Today Ushahidi’s mission is the change the way information flows in the world and empower people to make an impact with open source technologies, cross-sector partnerships, and ground-breaking ventures.

    Ushahidi is responsible for founding the iHub, a technology hub in Nairobi which has helped build the technology community in East Africa, growing to over 14,000 members, has incubated 150 tech startups that have created over 1000 jobs. Ushahidi, together with partners Hivos and the Institute of Development Studies, implements the Making all Voices Count Grand Challenge, a $55 million fund which focuses global attention on creative and cutting-edge solutions to transform the relationship between citizens and their governments including seeding innovative solutions.

    Lastly, as a group of technologists spread around the world who get really frustrated when the internet doesn’t work, Ushahidi built and spun out BRCK, which builds rugged internet for people and things.At Ushahidi, it isn’t just about building software, it is about solving problems. With Ushahidi we build open source software tools, at BRCK we build a platform for access to the web, and iHub we help build the Kenyan tech sector by creating a community with access to services like the mLabUX lab, and Gearbox. We build these organizations because we want to see more stories like Ushahidi’s in the world.

    2  We are curious will yunusolympics (ever since we first met him in 2007 - he was hoping his partners would talk a world sporting stage in code-sharing his messags) - ever come over to MOOCYunus in time (see also openlearningcampus)

    - note how Atlanta Nov 2015 celebrations designed round yunus and other nobel peace acticitists with youth are co-spodnored by the turner family who have given back so much of what they made from CNN (Cable News Netwprk) to try and bring every netwprks of the UN back to ground level citizen engage,en; note how out of paris ws the world number 1 supporter of yunus global media change - some woenderful film directirs contributed in 2009 to (see wenders contribution especially_ but where did all that storytelling go to? then there was vivian who signd up to direct Yunus Movie but never got the complete support she needed

    have a look at out of Paris- its founded round 80 journaliust looking for best leaders by and for africans- for example if africa is ever to have iots own IBM who can elad that to sustain the human ;lot of africans 

     Yunus has inspired such bbc film anchors as Paul Rose (filamaker oceans) and Michael Palin (now filmaker cutures round the world trip, also Monty Pyton) to come out to bat - what teir next steps?

     Breaking News July 2011

     help make this first draft zing a bit more -reference last year's isabella-cast

    Hello young people everywhere from Tunisia to Egypt , Greece to Spain , Japan to Bangladesh .  


    Don’t despair. The 2010s can be the most exciting decade for us to lead productive lives as long as we know which media and economics to get rid of, as well as whose social actions to joyfully celebrate.


    That was the severe test my granddad set himself and fellow journalists for humanity - over 40 years of reporting for The Economist.  And that’s why Norman Macrae also asked people like me to storytell his life’s good news fables once a year after his parting in the summer of 2010.


    Every time the dumbest media in the world collapses that is a good news opportunity. In Britain this weekend youth have cause to celebrate the end of The News of The World . Wrapped up in the 20th century’s most popular tabloid was everything we don’t need  advertisers to celebrate as young people take on the greatest sustainability games ever played.


    Let’s hope the BBC in particular remembers that as it chooses how to celebrate the Olympics – Queen Elizabeth’s swansong for the joy of youth, commonwealth and linking in sustainability community actions everywhere.


    The News of the World made the worst use of mobile telecoms of any media platform. Since Norman first discussed how to network with mobile telecoms in 1984 his entrepreneurial revolution friends have had 27 years searching for best uses.


    We recommend nothing is more exciting to mobilise than what started in 1996 in Bangladesh when 100000 global villages hubs of the world’s poorest mothers started linking in sustainability economics. We invite thousands of youth to diarize good news stories of info technology at  - this happy dotcom is spelt

    Y O U T H A N D Y U N U S


    Lets hope the world’s most powerful people join youth in exciting lessons on how NOT to use mobile phones. Give the Murdoch family the chance to invite the net generation to co-create good news media in the place of the most salacious gossip sheet in his empire. The strongest newspapers have always blended whole truth journalistic curiosity with at most a couple of goals chosen to improve the next generation’s lot.



    Lets help the Murdoch’s make their millennium goals wish come true.  Let it be that their family re-examine how their most powerful media can help youth celebrate another way to bail out banks. Join Queen Sofia's summit on this in Spain in November.  It is economically possible for media to help find a way in which youth are not trapped in picking up all the bills of their elders. As we all found out in 2008, this remains the urgent and defining good news story of the decade –the one that will shape generations and planet, for ever and a day.


    Good News Bottomines:


    1 Places everywhere now need structures that mediate investments in their youth’s

    co-production of heroic goals.


    2 Consider how stories of bankabillion networks can be designed round girl power are so much more joyous than banking designed for ever fewer big brothers.


    3 Bon courage Rupert Murdoch, Au Revoir Norman Macrae


    chris macrae

    wash dc 301 881 1655

    Jargon Note - what Dr Yunus used to call Future Capitalism has since the launch of Global Grameen become known as Global Social Business and Sustainability Partnering

    Breaking good news for 2010s- Nov 2009- inspired by the official launch by Dr Yunus and California State education system of the California Institute of Social Business, our own launches of Global and London Institutes of Social Business aim to make priority connections between JforH in California, London and Paris - RSVP if you can collaboratively help add in JforH from another future capital of sustainability 


    LJ being a film producer lead sponsor of Cal Instit of SB

    J Skoll & L Brilliant of Participant Productions

    A Webber (SF) and H Row (LA) former leaders of social capital intercity centres of

    TheGreenChildren (O T) - sustainability world's favourite pop group

    Holly Mosher - filmaker of Yunus "Bonsai" and for The Global Summit hq in LA 


    .Paul Rose: BBC's Polar and Solar explorer - thanks to Sofia & Mostofa host of yunus 69th birthday dialogue, blogger of Bangladesh's world leading explorations of sustainability

    "Dhaka en route to celebrating every sustainability capital -TM YunusCentre 09"

    London  en route to every Job Creation Sustainability Capital - TM 09 LCL & IsabellaWM family foundation


    Vivian Norris De Montaigu, origin of blockbuster Yunus Movie makers cince 2005 or earlier.

    vote for agility of journalists in questioning future capitalism
  • 100 Vivian Norris de Montaigu 
  • 99 Alan Webber
  • 90+Charlie Rose
  • 80+
  •  Future Capitalism Birthday party of the year - with Muhammad Yunus, Dhaka June 29, day after his 69th - will you be there? inquiries chris macrae washington dc bureau 301 881 1655
    tell us of ebs where you can find out what journalists are up to -eg 
    2009 Year of MicroCollaboration  please help catalogue advice for President Obama from the world's most trusted free marketers of ending poverty: eg1 the president can declare the date for zero poverty in the whole world at the same time encourage the united states to set their date when their city be zero poverty when their county gets to zero poverty are never going back- city by city, county by county, state by state, it can be done and it will encourage everyone else – ..that state can do it, we can do it this is the way to go, so poverty will be the challenge –and once you have solved poverty other solutions come right away, environment will come right away - Muhmammad Yunus, California, Nov 08

    The Future's News  (since 84)

    We are journalists, media experts, microentrepreneurs, economists and citizens. We track how methods of Industry Sector Responsibility Mapping (ISRM) can support sustainability investments in ways that Corporate Sector Responsibility advisory systemically could not. Leadership methods of ISRM include Future Capitalism collaborations, Trillion Dollar Auditing and Community Impact Accountancy.

    Future Capitalism has changed the world of goodwill valuation faster than other network economics tools due to this year’s launch of its human sustainability imperatives by

     top of the world leaders like Bill Gates and Bottom Billion leaders like Muhammad Yunus.  If you would like JFH to demonstrate a Future Capitalism game for your sector, please contact us

    Washington DC Bureau tel 301 881 1655


    Click to debate why so many of humanity's greatest stories are never seen on Public Broadcasting


    download collaboration interview with bill drayton - epicentre of social entrepreneurs est. 1978

    Archive Newer | Older

    Tuesday, May 12, 2009

    Rana Foroohar Newsweek

    Can A Bangladeshi Bank Help Fix America's Financial System?

    Rana Foroohar

    This past weekend, I went out to St. John's University in Queens, NY, to meet up with a bunch of officials from the Grameen Bank, including Nobel prize winner Muhammad Yunus.

    2:29 am edt 

    Salim Rizvi  , BBC

    Small loans lead to big returns

    Grameen Bank officials believe that reducing poverty through microfinance banking is not just for developing economies.

    Recently, US President Barack Obama also created a $100m microfinance growth fund for small lenders around world. (The microfinance growth fund would be a partnership of the Multilateral Investment Fund at the Inter-American Development Bank, the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation and the Inter-American Investment Corporation. )

    Though a good first step, it is still considered a small amount. Grameen Bank in Bangladesh spends $100m on microfinance every month.

    Currently, Grameen America depends on donations and payments on existing loans. But the bank is planning to apply for a credit-union licence, which will allow it to accept bigger deposits from US customers. The bank plans to use those deposits for granting more loans to thousands of people.

    Now the bank is expanding to other areas in the US. Soon a branch will open in Brooklyn and plans include branches in states such as Nebraska and Ohio.

    Branches of the Grameen Bank are already operating in several other countries, including Turkey, Indonesia, Costa Rica, Kosovo and Zambia.

    2:24 am edt 

    sylvia cochran - Micro Lending Makes Grameen and Microfinance Last Hope of American Working Poor

    Grameen Project Enterpise- Queens, NY

    the plan fund - . The hub of PLAN Fund activity occurs at our business centers which are located in parts of Dallas with less economic development

    Phili Jewish Community Loan for Work Bank
    2:10 am edt 

    Archive Newer | Older

    DEMONSTRATION Trillion Dollar Global Sector SCENARIOS


    Extract from The Importance of Dr Yunus by Norman Macrae


    By Norman Macrae

    The Nobel Peace Prize for 2006 was controversially awarded in Oslo to a "banker for the poor" in once basket case Bangladesh. Since the microcredit system pioneered by this Doctor Muhammad Yunus really has raised record millions of Bangladeshi women from the world’s direst poverty, Yunus was greeted on his recent visit to London largely by the misunderstanding Left. But as my friends and I had lunch with him, we thrilled to openly explore his stated aim to "harness the powers of the free market to solve the problems of poverty", and his brave belief that he can "do exactly that". This apparent appearance of a viable system of banking for the poor has important implications we had better start by examining how microcredit almost accidentally came about.



    During Bangladeshi's terrible famine year of 1974, Dr Yunus (who had attained the doctorate of economics in a fairly free market American university) was back at his 1940 birthplace of Chittagong as a Professor of  Economics at the university there. He took a field party of his students to one of the famine threatened villages. They analysed that all 42 of the village’s small businesses (tiny farm plots and retail market stalls) was indeed going bust unless they could borrow a ridiculously tiny total $27 on reasonable terms.

    If you can become an angel for $27, why not rehearse for becoming a superangel? open source Grameen America

    -a top 30 video selection for humanity from

    First thought was to give the $27 as charity. But Yunus lectured that a social business dollar that had to be paid back from careful use in an income generating activity, was much more effective than a charity dollar which might be used only once and frittered away. All of those first 42 loans were fully repaid, and lent back, and after 9 years further experiments Yunus in 1983 founded his Grameen (which means Village) Bank. Its priority was to make loans that were desperately needed by the poor instead of the usual banking priority to make the safest loans to the rich who could provide collateral against what they happened to want to borrow.

    In the next 23 years, Grameen provided $6 billion of loans to poor people with an astonishing 99% repayment rate. In 2006, it had seven million borrowing customers, 97% of them women (who tend to be the poorer sex in rural Islamic societies) in 73000 villages of
    Bangladesh. Microcredit had by then reached 80% of Bangladeshi’s poorest rural families and over half of Grameen’s own borrowers had risen above the absolute poverty line.

    When a Grameen bank manager goes to a new village, he has entrepreneurially to search for poor but viable borrowers . He earns a star if he achieves 100% repayment of loans, and another star if he attains achievement of the 16 guarantees that all customers are asked to pledge, ranging from intensive vegetable growing through attendance of all children at school, to abolition of dowries. A branch with five stars would often transfer to ownership by the poor women themselves. A branch with no stars would be in danger of closing, so borrowers tend to rally round with suggestions, such as which unreliable repayers to exclude.


    An early breakthrough -and replicable income generator- was the profession of telephone ladies. They borrowed enough to buy a cheap mobile phone from a Grameen subsidiary. They world draw fees for phoning to see if more profitable prices for crops were available in a neighbouring village, and from anybody who wanted to hire the phone to contact the outside world. This is a job that could only become important in a microcredit setting; the owner of a mobile phone in richer suburbia would not find many customers to hire her set. 

    One special desire of Yunus was to improve the nutrition of poor children in the villages of
    Bangladesh, and so Future Capitalism first social business multinational partnership came to be branded with the large French food multinational called Danone. The brand architecture of Grameen-Danone was test marketed to find what sorts of fortified yogurt Bangladeshi children would like. Although Danone at first wanted large plants with refrigerated systems, Grameen won the debate to make then small plants who bought local milk and very cheap local distributors who knew which families had children who might buy the cheap yogurt fresh. Danone had to agree not to pay any dividend from the sales of the yogurt in Bangladesh so as to keep the price cheap at a few US cents per cup, but its $1 million investment remains returnable and it has learnt a lot about sales of a new product in poor countries.


    Will such Social Businesses spread as far as Yunus hopes? A lot depends on human co-creattity. Great leaps like Microsoft’s invention of good software are often made by small but initially hugely profit making small businesses. So it may be easy for

    Is there is a better 5 month report on Future Capitalism? - RSVP  

    142nd MIT Commencement address, by Muhammad Yunus, June 6.2008

    . Good Morning: It as a very special privilege for me to speak at the commencement ceremony of this prestigious institution. What a wonderful feeling to be here today. To be with all of you, some of the brightest minds in the world, right at a moment when you decide the path you will embark on in life. You represent the future of the world. The choices that you will make for yourself will decide the fate of mankind. This is how it has always been. Sometimes we are aware of it, most of the time we are not. I hope you'll remain aware of it and make an effort to be remembered not simply as a creative generation but as a socially-conscious creative generation. Try it.

    I had no idea whether my life would someday be relevant to anyone else's. But in the mid-seventies, out of frustration with the terrible economic situation in Bangladesh I decided to see if I could make myself useful to one poor person a day in the village next door to the university campus where I was teaching. I found myself in an unfamiliar situation. Out of necessity I had to find a way out. Since I did not have a road-map, I had to fall back on my basic instinct to do that. At any moment I could have withdrawn myself from my unknown path, but I did not. I stubbornly went on to find my own way. Luckily, at the end, I found it. That was microcredit and Grameen Bank.

    Now, in hindsight, I can joke about it. When people ask me, "How did you figure out all the rules and procedures that is now known as Grameen system ?" My answer is : "That was very simple and easy. Whenever I needed a rule or a procedure in our work, I just looked at the conventional banks to see what they do in a similar situation. Once I learned what they did, I just did the opposite. That's how I got our rules. Conventional banks go to the rich, we go to the poor; their rule is -- "the more you have, the more you get." So our rule became -- "the less you have higher attention you get. If you have nothing, you get the highest priority." They ask for collateral, we abandoned it, as if we had never heard of it. They need lawyers in their business, we don't. No lawyer is involved in any of our loan transactions. They are owned by the rich, ours is owned by the poorest, the poorest women to boot. I can go on adding more to this list to show how Grameen does things quite the opposite way.

    Was it really a systematic policy æ to do it the opposite way ? No, it wasn't. But that's how it turned out ultimately, because our objective was different. I had not even noticed it until a senior banker admonished me by saying : Dr. Yunus, you are trying to put the banking system upside down." I quickly agreed with him. I said : "Yes, because the banking system is standing on its head."

    I could not miss seeing the ruthlessness of moneylenders in the village. First I lent the money to replace the loan-sharks. Then I went to the local bank to request them to lend money to the poor. They refused.

    After months of deadlock I persuaded them by offering myself as a guarantor. This is how microcredit was born in 1976. Today Grameen Bank lends money to 7.5 million borrowers, 97 per cent women. They own the bank. The bank has lent out over $ 7.0 billion in Bangladesh over the years. Globally 130 million poor families receive microcredit. Even then banks have not changed much. They do not mind writing off a trillion dollars in a sub-prime crisis, but they still stay away from lending US $ 100 to a poor woman despite the fact such loans have near 100 per cent repayment record globally.

    While focusing on microcredit we saw the need for other types of interventions to help the rural population, in general, and the poor, in particular. We tried our interventions in the health sector, information technology, renewable energy and on several other fronts. Since we worked with poor women, health issue quickly drew our attention. We introduced health insurance. We succeeded in developing an effective healthcare program based on health insurance, but have not been able to expand this program because of non-availability of doctors. Doctors are reluctant to stay in the villages. (It has become such a big bottleneck that we have now decided to set up a medical college to produce doctors.) Under the program a villager pays about US $ 2.00 a year as health insurance premium, to get health coverage for the entire family. Financially it is sustainable.

    I became a strong believer in the power of information technology to change the lives of the poor people. This encouraged me to create a cell-phone company called Grameen Phone. We brought phones to the villages of Bangladesh and gave loans to the poor women to buy themselves cell-phones to sell their service and make money. It became an instant success.
    Seventy percent of the population of Bangladesh do not have access to electricity. We wanted to address this issue by introducing solar home system in the villages. We created a separate company called Grameen Shakti, or Grameen Energy. It became a very successful company in popularising solar home system, bio-gas, and environment-friendly cooking stoves. It has already reached 155,000 homes with solar home systems, and aims to reach one million homes by 2012. As we started creating a series of companies around renewable energy, information technology, textile, agriculture, livestock, education, health, finance etc, I was wondering why conventional businesses do not see business the way we see it. They have different goals than ours. We design our businesses one way, they design theirs in another way.

    Conventional businesses are based on the theoretical framework provided by the designers of capitalist economic system. In this framework 'business' has to be a profit-maximizing entity. The more aggressively a business pursues it, the better the system functions æ we are told. The bigger the profit, the more successful the business is; the more happy investors are. In my work it never occurred to me that I should maximize profit. All my struggle was to take each of my enterprises to a level where it could at least be self-sustaining. I defined the mission of my businesses in a different way than that of the traditional businesses.

    As I was doing it, obviously I was violating the basic tenet of capitalist system æ profit maximization. Since I was engaged in finding my own solution to reach the mission of my business, I was not looking at any existing road maps. My only concern was to see if my path was taking me where I wanted to go. When it worked I felt very happy. I know maximization of profit makes people happy. I don't maximize profit, but my businesses are a great source of my happiness. If you had done what I have done you would be very happy too! I am convinced that profit maximization is not the only source of happiness in business. 'Business' has been interpreted too narrowly in the existing framework of capitalism. This interpretation is based on the assumption that a human being is a single dimensional being. His business-related happiness is related to the size of the profit he makes. He is presented as a robot-like money-making machine.

    But we all know that real-life human beings are multi-dimensional beings æ not uni-dimensional like the theory assumes. For a real-life human being money-making is a means, not an end. But for the businessman in the existing theory money-making is both a means and also an end.

    This narrow interpretation has done us great damage. All business people around the world have been imitating this one-dimensional theoretical businessman as precisely as they can to make sure they get the most from the capitalist system. If you are a businessman you have to wear profit-maximizing glasses all the time. As a result, only thing you see in the world are the profit enhancing opportunities. Important problems that we face in the world cannot be addressed because profit-maximizing eyes cannot see them.

    We can easily reformulate the concept of a businessman to bring him closer to a real human being. In order to take into account the multi-dimensionality of real human being we may assume that there are two distinct sources of happiness in the business world æ 1) maximizing profit, and 2) achieving some pre-defined social objective. Since there are clear conflicts between the two objectives, the business world will have to be made up of two different kinds of businesses --1) profit-maximizing business, and 2) social business. Specific type of happiness will come from the specific type of business.

    Then an investor will have two choices æ he can invest in one or in both. My guess is most people will invest in both in various proportions. This means people will use two sets of eye-glassesæ profit-maximizing glasses, and social business glasses. This will bring a big change in the world. Profit maximizing businessmen will be amazed to see how different the world looks once they take off the profit-maximizing glasses and wear the social business glasses. By looking at the world from two different perspectives business decision-makers will be able to decide better, act better, and these decisions and actions will lead to a dramatically better world.

    While I was wondering whether the idea of social business would make any sense to the corporate world I had an opportunity to talk to the chairman of Danone Group Mr. Franck Riboud about this subject. It made perfect sense to him right away. Together we created Grameen Danone company as a social business in Bangladesh. This company produces yogurt fortified with micro-nutrients which are missing in the mal-nourished children of Bangladesh. Because it is a social business, Grameen and Danone, will never take any dividend out of the company beyond recouping the initial investment. Bottom line for the company is to see how many children overcome their nutrition deficiency each year.
    Next initiative came from Credit Agricole of France. We created Grameen Credit Agricole Microfinance Foundation to provide financial support to microfinance organizations and social businesses. We created a small water company to provide good quality drinking water in a cluster of villages of Bangladesh. This is a joint venture with Veolia, a leading water company in the world. Bangladesh has terrible drinking water problem. In a large part of Bangladesh tubewell water is highly arsenic contaminated, surface water is polluted. This social business water company will be a prototype for supplying safe drinking water in a sustainable and affordable way to people who are faced with water crisis. Once it is perfected, it can be replicated in other villages, within Bangladesh and outside.

    We have already established an eye-care hospital specializing in cataract operation, with a capacity to undertake 10,000 operations per year. This is a joint venture social business with the Green Children Foundation created by two singers in their early twenties, Tom and Milla, from England and Norway.

    We have signed a joint-venture agreement with Intel Corporation, to create a social business company called Grameen-Intel to bring information technology-based services to the poor in healthcare, marketing, education and remittances.

    We also signed a social business joint venture agreement with Saudi German Hospital Group to set up a series of hospitals in Bangladesh.

    Many more companies from around the world are showing interest in such social business joint ventures. A leading shoe company wants to create a social business to make sure that nobody goes without shoes. One leading pharmaceutical company wishes to set up a joint venture social business company to produce nutritional supplements appropriate for Bangladeshi pregnant mothers and young women, at the cheapest possible price.

    We are also in discussion to launch a social business company to produce chemically treated mosquito-nets to protect people in Bangladesh and Africa from malaria and other mosquito-borne diseases.

    Your generation can bring a breakthrough in changing the course of the world. You can be the socially-conscious creative generation that the world is waiting for. You can bring your creativity to design brilliant social businesses to overcome poverty, disease, environmental degradation, food crisis, depletion of non-renewable resources, etc. Each one of you is capable of changing the world. To make a start all that each one of you has to do is to design a business plan for a social business. Each prototype of a social business can be a cute little business. But if it works out, the whole world can be changed by replicating it in thousands of locations.

    Prototype development is the key. In designing a prototype all we need is a socially-oriented creative mind. That could be each one of you. No matter what you do in your life, make it a point to design or be involved with at least one social business to address one problem that depresses you the most. If you have the design and the money, go ahead and put it into action. If you have the design but no money, contact your dean -- he will find the money. I never heard that MIT has problem in finding money when it has a hot idea in its hand. MIT can even create a social business development fund in anticipation of your requests.

    I can tell you very emphatically that in terms of human capability there is no difference between a poor person and a very privileged person. All human beings are packed with unlimited potential. Poor people are no exception to this rule. But the world around them never gave them the opportunity to know that each of them is carrying a wonderful gift in them. The gift remains unknown and unwrapped. Our challenge is to help the poor unwrap their gift.

    Poverty is not created by the poor. It is created by the system. Poverty is an artificial imposition on people. Once you fall outside the system, it works against you. It makes it very difficult to return to the system. How do we change this? Where do we begin ?

    Three basic interventions will make a big difference in the existing system : a) broadening the concept of business by including "social business" into the framework of market place, b) creating inclusive financial and healthcare services which can reach out to every person on the planet, c) designing appropriate information technology devices, and services for the bottom-most people and making them easily available to them.

    Your generation has the opportunity to make a break with the past and create a beautiful new world. We see the ever-growing problems created by the individual-centered aggressively accumulative economy. If we let it proceed without serious modifications, we may soon reach the point of no return. Among other things, this type of economy has placed our planet under serious threat through climatic distortions. Single-minded pursuit of profit has made us forget that this planet is our home; that we are supposed to make it safe and beautiful, not make it more unliveable everyday by promoting a life-style which ignores all warnings of safety.

    At this point let me give you the good news. No matter how daunting the problems look, don't get brow beaten by their size. Big problems are most often just an aggregation of tiny problems. Get to the smallest component of the problem. Then it becomes an innocent bite-size problem, and you can have all the fun dealing with it. You'll be thrilled to see in how many ways you can crack it. You can tame it or make it disappear by various social and economic actions, including social business. Pick out the action which looks most efficient in the given circumstances. Tackling big problems does not always have to be through giant actions, or global initiatives or big businesses. It can start as a tiny little action. If you shape it the right way, it can grow into a global action in no time. Even the biggest problem can be cracked by a small well-designed intervention. That's where you and your creativity come in. These interventions can be so small that each one of you can crack these problems right from your garage. If you have a friend or two to work with you, it is all the more better. It can be fun too.

    You are born in the age of ideas. Ideas are something an MIT graduate, I am sure, will not run out of. The question I am raising now -- what use you want to make of them ? Make money by selling or using your ideas ? Or change the world with your ideas? Or do both ? It is upto you to decide.

    There are two clear tasks in front of you -- 1) to end poverty in the world once for all, and 2) to set the world in the right path to undo all the damage we have done to the environment by our ignorance and selfishness. Time is right. Your initiatives can produce big results, even lead you to achieving these goals. Then yours will be the most successful generation in human history. You will take your grand-children to the poverty museums with tremendous pride that your generation had finally made it happen.

    Congratulations, for being part of a generation which has exciting possibilities, and advance congratulations to you all for your future successes in creating a new world where everyone on this planet can stand tall as a human being. Thank you.

    Empowered by and friends of Yunus Forums
    uniting future history & herstory:-
    bankers to the poor<>intrenetworkers for the poor.